The events of 1942 were crucial in the way that World War Two played out. The first Americans arrived in England in January – ‘Overpaid, oversexed – and in North Africa Field Marshal Erwin Rommel’s Afrika Korps began their counter-offensive, capturing Tobruk in June.
The Blitz intensified in both England and Germany, with the first thousand-bomber air raid on Cologne, and the German bombing of British cathedral cities.
In the Pacific, the Japanese continued their expansion into Borneo, Java, and Sumatra. The ‘unassailable’ British fortress of Singapore fell rapidly in February, with around 25,000 prisoners taken, many of whom would die in Japanese camps in the years to follow.
But June saw the peak of Japanese expansion. The Battle of Midway, in which US sea-based aircraft destroyed four Japanese carriers and a cruiser, marked the turning point in the Pacific War.
The second half of the year also saw a reversal of German fortunes. British forces under Montgomery gained the initiative in North Africa at El Alamein, and Russian forces counterattacked at Stalingrad.
The news of mass murders of Jewish people by the Nazis reached the Allies, and the US pledged to avenge these crimes. In this article, you’ll find an amazing and rare photo collection of the raids of the Second World War.
(Photo credit: Library of Congress/ US Army Archives / National Archives / AP).