American Civil War. This war is the central event in America’s historical consciousness. While the Revolution of 1776-1783 created the United States, the Civil War of 1861-1865 determined what kind of nation it would be. Four years of intense combat between North and South left 620,000 to 750,000 people dead.
Aviation. Once the Wright brothers demonstrated that the basic technical problems had been overcome at the start of the 20th century, military and civil aviation developed quickly. Airplanes were put to use for war starting in 1911, initially for aerial reconnaissance, and then for aerial combat.
Cold War. Growing out of post-World War II tensions between the two nations, the Cold War rivalry between the US and the Soviet Union that lasted for much of the second half of the 20th century resulted in mutual suspicions, tensions and international incidents that brought the world to the brink of disaster.
Execution. This section belongs to the history of military executions or assassinations of a prominent person, mainly for political reasons. Execution by firing squad is a method of capital punishment, particularly common in the military and in times of war. Execution by shooting is a fairly old practice.
Holocaust. The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. A broader definition of the Holocaust includes the murder of the Roma, Slavic people, homosexuals, black people, and the “incurably sick”.
Last Images. This section contains articles showing up the last images caught on camera of certain political or famous personalities. The last photograph of them before their death caused by natural causes, assassination or military execution by firing squads. Each article describes the circumstances.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP). The period is also known under the names the Third Reich and the National Socialist Period. The regime ended in May 1945.
Nuclear Age is the period of history following the detonation of the first nuclear (“atomic”) bomb, Trinity, on July 16, 1945, during World War II. The ensuing bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki that ended World War II represented the first large-scale use of nuclear technology and the results changed the world.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict).
Prisoner of war, any person captured or interned by a belligerent power during war. In the strictest sense it is applied only to members of regularly organized armed forces, but by broader definition it has also included guerrillas or civilians who take up arms against an enemy openly.
The Pulitzer Prize for Photography was one of the American Pulitzer Prizes annually awarded for journalism. The now famous prize was inaugurated in 1942 and replaced by two photojournalism prizes in 1968: the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Photography and “Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography”.
The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. The conflict was intensified by the ongoing Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. US military involvement ended in 1973.
World War I began in 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until 1918. During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers).
World War II, a conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years 1939–45. The principal belligerents were the Axis powers—Germany, Italy, and Japan—and the Allies—France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser extent, China. The war that shaped today’s world.