mountains holy land old photographs

A view from Hill Moreh to Nazareth.

This collection includes interesting old pictures of the mountains of the Holy Land that were taken in 1915. The set includes images of Mt. Tabor, Mt. Carmel, Mt. of Olives, Mt. Nebo, and other important landmarks.

The lantern slides are provided by Oregon State University Visual Instruction Department and offer a rare peek of the Holy Land in the last days under the Ottoman Empire.

The Holy Land is located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea. The area extends between the territories of Israel, the West Bank, Jordan, and Palestine. Many of the events in the history of the Jewish people, Christianity, and Islam took place in regions located in the Holy Land.

In this small territory, one encounters snow-capped mountains (Mount Hermon), barren deserts (Judean Desert), a large freshwater lake (Sea of Galilee), and a salt sea (Dead Sea).

Down the ages, the desire to possess this sliver of land, a Holy Land, had led the followers of a dozen gods and their countless aspects to slaughter each other. Locations central to the lore of all three Abrahamic faiths, i.e. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, lie in this territory – and for the believers, no price seems too high to pay for possessing it.

The Ottomans captured the Holy Lands in 1516 and ruled it until Egypt took it in 1832. Eight years later, the United Kingdom intervened and returned the region to the Ottomans.

By the 1800s, the Holy Lands were an afterthought, and tenant farmers who had no real interest in its long-term viability mismanaged the land. It became a desert wasteland, with most of her trees cut down and no major economic efforts.

The neglect continued until the late 1800s when Christians from Britain and America sent archaeologists and tourists to the area, and international interest in the Holy Lands increased.

Considerable demographic changes happened during the 19th century and with the regional migrations of Druze, Circassians, and Bedouin tribes. The emergence of Zionism also brought many Jewish immigrants from Europe and the revival of the Hebrew language.

mountains holy land old photographs

Cedar trees in Lebanon.

mountains holy land old photographs

A view from Bethsaida to the Mount of the Beatitudes.

mountains holy land old photographs

The Garden of Gethsemane and Mount of Olives, Jerusalem.

mountains holy land old photographs

The Hill of Moreh from the south.

mountains holy land old photographs

Inside the Tomb in the Garden, New Calvary.

mountains holy land old photographs

Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives.

mountains holy land old photographs

Jerusalem from the New Calvary hill.

mountains holy land old photographs

A school in Ramah.

mountains holy land old photographs

The Mosque of Hebron.

mountains holy land old photographs

Mount Carmel and the Bay of Haifa.

mountains holy land old photographs

Mount Gerizim from Mount Ebal.

mountains holy land old photographs

Mount Gilboa from the Hill Moreh.

mountains holy land old photographs

Mount Lebanon.

mountains holy land old photographs

Mount Nebo from the East.

mountains holy land old photographs

The New Calvary hill from the south.

mountains holy land old photographs

The village of Nain and Mount Tabor.

mountains holy land old photographs

Ramah from the south.

mountains holy land old photographs

Samaria from the minaret of the mosque.

mountains holy land old photographs

Shechem and Mount Ebal.

mountains holy land old photographs

Shechem and Mount Gerizim.

mountains holy land old photographs

Mount Hermon.

mountains holy land old photographs

The summit of Mount Nebo.

mountains holy land old photographs

The Hill of Hebron from the southeast.

mountains holy land old photographs

The Mount of Temptation.

mountains holy land old photographs

The New Calvary hill.

mountains holy land old photographs

Mount Hermon from the northwest.

mountains holy land old photographs

The reputed location of Abraham’s offering of Isaac on Mount Gerizim.

mountains holy land old photographs

Mount Tabor and a field of flowers.

mountains holy land old photographs

Bethel from the south.

(Photo credit: Oregon State University Visual Instruction Department).