Aircraft’s preparing for take off from U.S.S. Yorktown, ca. 1943.

Aircraft’s preparing for take off from U.S.S. Yorktown, ca. 1943.

In 1942, shortly after the US entry into the war, the Navy established a special group called the Naval Aviation Photographic Unit to document and publicize its aviation activities.

The main purpose of this photographic unit was to promote the recruitment of pilots specifically for the Navy. Radford, the head of the Navy, believed there was competition for a limited talent pool between the Navy and the Army Air Corps, and that attractive, top-rate photography in the press, posters, and leaflets would help the Navy reach its quota of 30,000 new pilots each year.

Edward Steichen, one of the most renowned and well-paid photographers in the world, was asked to assemble a team and run the Naval Aviation Photographic Unit.

Some of the recruited photographers, like Wayne Miller and Horace Bristol, who would go on to become famous in their own right. One of the lesser-known members of the unit was a young ensign named Alfonso “Fons” Iannelli.

Fons began working with the unit as an assistant and darkroom developer but was promoted to photographer. He was given the task of documenting the emotions of the men on the ship and developed his “fly-on-the-wall” style.

His photographs were published in a collection edited by Steichen entitled U.S. Navy War Photographs: Pearl Harbor to Tokyo Harbor (1945) and were included in the exhibition Power in the Pacific: Battle Photographs of our Navy in Action on the Sea and in the Sky at the Museum of Modern Art in 1945.

After the war, Iannelli’s photographs present a complex and paradoxical picture of American life. Iannelli became a highly successful photojournalist for McCall’s, Life, Fortune, Collier’s and The Saturday Evening Post. His photographs for Ladies Home Journal “How America Lives” section sympathetically portray post-war consumerist aspiration.

Other images document that the security, happiness, and tranquility promised at the end of the war were elusive for many. By the late 1940’s, he was rumored to be the most highly paid magazine photographer in New York. He was known for his ability to overcome difficult lighting situations and is said to have introduced bounce-light techniques for softer lighting into photojournalism

In 1948, Iannelli founded Scope Associates, a photographer-run co-op agency. Several members from Steichen’s naval unit were represented by Scope including Horace Bristol, and Victor Jorgensen. In 1951, Iannelli established his own movie production studio, Filmscope Inc.

Iannelli continued to make photographs and films through the 1980s. In 1982 his studio caught fire and many of his vintage prints and equipment were destroyed. Fons Iannelli passed away in 1988.

Sailors playing instruments, ca. 1943.

Sailors playing instruments, ca. 1943.

U.S. Navy under American flag, c. 1943.

U.S. Navy under American flag, c. 1943.

Military Aircraft Aboard U.S.S. Yorktown with Sailors Performing Exercises, 1943.

Military Aircraft Aboard U.S.S. Yorktown with Sailors Performing Exercises, 1943.

Sailors Watch as Aircraft Takes Off, c. 1943.

Sailors Watch as Aircraft Takes Off, c. 1943.

Sailors Aboard U.S.S. Yorktown, c. 1943.

Sailors Aboard U.S.S. Yorktown, c. 1943.

A man holding his hat, c. 1942-1945.

A man holding his hat, c. 1942-1945.

Crew with Naval Torpedoes, c. 1943.

Crew with Naval Torpedoes, c. 1943.

Aircraft Taking Off of Carrier, c. 1943.

Aircraft Taking Off of Carrier, c. 1943.

Men Getting in Aircraft, c. 1943.

Men Getting in Aircraft, c. 1943.

Crew Eating, c. 1943.

Crew Eating, c. 1943.

Crew reading and writing, c. 1942-1945.

Crew reading and writing, c. 1942-1945.

Sleeping man, c. 1942-1945.

Sleeping man, c. 1942-1945.

Raid Against Marcus Island, c. 1943.

Raid Against Marcus Island, c. 1943.

Sailors Aboard U.S.S. Yorktown with Naval Artillery Above, c. 1943.

Sailors Aboard U.S.S. Yorktown with Naval Artillery Above, c. 1943.

Plane Handlers, c. 1943.

Plane Handlers, c. 1943.

“Got a Light, Mate?”, Sailors Working Aboard U.S.S. Yorktown, c. 1943.

Sailors Playing Instruments, c. 1943.

Sailors Playing Instruments, c. 1943.

Too Much Beer, c. 1943.

Too Much Beer, c. 1943.

Man and Aircraft, c. 1943.

Man and Aircraft, c. 1943.

(Photo credit: Fons Iannelli, Courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery, New York).